European Union Immigration: Latvia

Latvia is bordered by Estonia, Lithuania, Russia and Belarus, with its coastline of 531km laterally the Baltic Sea. Latvia has over 3 000 and 12 000 rivers, and woodlands cover over 40% of the country. As of 2012, the most important areas of Latvia’s economy were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (30.0 %), industry (19.5 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (14.0 %). Main export partners for Latvia are Russia, Lithuania and Estonia, while main import partners are Lithuania, Germany and Russia.

Geographical size
64 562 km2
2 044 813 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
0.4 % (2012)
€ 2 044 813 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
Political system
Parliamentary republic
EU member country since
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament
Eurozone member since 1 January 2014
Schengen area member
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council
Latvia holds the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2015

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