European Union Immigration: Romania

Romania is dominated by the Carpathian mountains in the north and center of the country. Romania is located in southeast Europe, and in the south is the Danube valley pointing toward the Black Sea. Romania’s economy’s most important areas in 2012 were industry (32.4 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (13.4 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (12.0 %). Export partners of Romania are Germany, Italy and France, while import partners are Germany, Italy and Hungary.

Geographical size
238 390.7 km2
20 095 996 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
4.0% (2012)
€ 131.579 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
Political system
Semi-presidential republic
EU member country since
1 January 2007
Seats in the European Parliament
Schengen area member
No, Romania is not a member of the Schengen Area.
Presidency of the Council
Romania will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2019.

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